Couples have a lot to think about during their love and money journey. One major question we discuss often is whether couples should keep their money totally separate, merge it completely, or find a happy medium. (Spoiler alert: all answers are acceptable.) Related to this is another important question—what if two people in a relationship don’t earn the same amount? How should they handle their varied incomes?
As always, we’ll start with: there’s no one-size-fits-all solution, but there is a solution that will work for you now (and yes, something different might work for you further down the road).
The fact of the matter is that couples often have greatly varied incomes, with one partner earning significantly more or less. Whether you're the one earning more or less, there is often some discomfort about what or how you might want to spend your money. If you have entirely merged finances, the lower earning partner can feel guilty about spending money they didn't earn, while the bigger earner could become resentful of contributing more. Whatever the situation, this is a delicate scenario that requires couples to get on the same page, discuss their options, and make a decision as a team.
In this approach, couples with varied incomes contribute equally to a shared pool of money and pay for all expenses through it. The most common ways to do this is through a shared checking account or through a Zeta Joint Accounts, or by trading off bills.
This works well for two-income couples, but it has limitations when it comes to major expenses (like buying a home or going on a vacation). Some couples solve that by splitting large purchases proportionally, but continue to split fixed expenses down the middle.
In this approach, partners with varied incomes contribute a percentage of their income towards shared expenses based on the total income of the couple.
Each partner’s proportion or percentage can be calculated by first, totaling the combined income of both partners, and then by dividing each partner’s income by the total income.
Example: Let’s say Partner 1 and Partner 2 are in a relationship:
This approach works well if the higher earning partner wants to spend more without making the other person like they’re living beyond their means.
Some couples with greatly varied incomes still choose to merge their incomes completely. If you merge everything, then you combine all your income, and draw from one pool to cover shared expenses. In some ways, this is the simplest approach (less math!), but also a complicated choice.
This approach can make sense if one partner is staying home to take care of the kids, is in school, or is otherwise not earning an income.
If you’re still at the beginning of your love and money journey, don’t forget that figuring out how to approach your varied incomes with your partner is just one piece of the puzzle. You also have to figure out how you’re going to approach and combine your finances. For example, if you’re splitting your expenses 50/50 or proportionally, are you combining the money you use for shared expenses, and then keeping the rest separate? Or are you taking turns paying for bills? Or divvying up bills and sending each other payments? There are lots of ways to approach these questions. If it feels overwhelming, we hope you can take comfort in knowing you’re not alone, and we urge you to look at our Guide to Combining Finances.
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